By Patricia Abdo, Arts and Entertainment Editor, The Pawprint
Electrical colleges have been around for a long time. Electoral college is a group of 538 presidential electors, 100 of them are senators and 438 are state representatives. Electoral votes are required by the United States constitution. It has to form every four years to elect the president and vice president of the United States. Two days before the election each state counts its popular votes according to its laws to select the electors. On the day of the election it’s the electoral college vote and not the popular vote that determines who wins. It is possible to lose on the popular vote but win on the electoral and still win the election. This happened in 2016 when Hillary Clinton won the popular vote by almost 3 million, but Trump won 57% of the electoral vote which was enough to win the presidency. To win the electoral vote it takes 270 votes. If there is a tie vote in a state’s delegation, the state’s vote would not count. Presidential candidate needs 26 votes to win the election.
For many years there have been debates about canceling electoral college. The idea has public support, but partisan divide. It is reported that 61% of Americans support the abolishing of electoral vote However, that support diverges based on political parties. with support from 89 percent of Democrats and 23 percent of Republicans. Some want to reduce the importance of the electoral college without fully abolishing it. The District of Columbia and fifteen states have signed interstate compact where they pledge to give their votes to winners of popular vote.