DAA Daily

Can Artificial Intelligence Revolutionize Medicine?

By Mahenau Leghari

News Editor

The Pawprint

Artificial Intelligence is rapidly improving at doing what humans do, with more precision and at a cheaper cost. Machines can now aid the jobs of many, like drivers, financial analysists, and even telemarketers and customer service assistants, and now, it can improve the world of medicine and potentially save the lives of many.

One of the major things that AI can reduce is the number of deaths by doctors’ mistakes, with over 250,000 deaths in the US alone, making it the third leading cause of death, after heart disease and cancer. Human error is normal, especially in the world of medicine, but with AI starting to step in, the number of deaths will significantly drop. From diagnostics to treatment, AI is transforming modern-day medical care.

20% of patients with serious illnesses are misdiagnosed at first, even though this does not necessarily lead to their death, catching these diseases early increases the patients’ chances of survival, which is where AI steps in.

For example, with cancer, a high number of the mammograms give false results, which leads to 1 out of 2 healthy women being told they have cancer. AI is now being designed to have 99% more accuracy than mammograms, reducing the need for unnecessary biopsies. AI can also detect early stages of heart disease, which helps doctors to treat patients at a more stable time before life-threatening episodes.

AI may also help clinicians take better approaches to patients’ treatment. In medicine, robots have been used for around 30 years, like simple robots in the laboratory to complex surgical robots that can perform risky procedures with more accuracy than the human hand. AI is also used in hospitals for rehabilitation, physical therapy, and aid for people with long-term conditions.

Aside from bettering patient care, AI is also being designed to help research the world of medicine. The process of getting things from the labs to patients is both expensive and long, with an average of 12 years. Only 5 in 5,000 drugs that begin preclinical testing ever make it to patients, and it costs around $359 million to develop new medicine for patients. AI’s advances now make it possible to discover new ideas for drugs quickly, as well as repurposing processes to make the wait time much shorter and the cost cheaper.

AI trains doctors, as well, by putting them through realistic simulations in a way that single-driven algorithms cannot. AI has a larger database for a wide range of scenarios, responses to doctors’ questions, and challenges humans better than ever before, improving doctors’ patient care abilities.

Inevitably saving the lives of many, the use of AI does not require the worry over human error, and it is predicted that thousands of lives can be saved from misdiagnoses or surgical mistakes, including leaving materials in a patient’s body, or simply performing the procedure wrong.

Artificial Intelligence will revolutionize modern-day medicine in a way that is beneficial for all, while still allowing human doctors to do their jobs, and will even help them improve their own skills to save lives and develop patient care.

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