Why does the Electoral College exist? This is a question that thousands of Americans were forced to ask themselves after the 2016 presidential election which resulted in Donald Trump becoming the President of the United States of America.
The electoral college is a system that was instilled into the government of the United States that was instilled by the founding fathers of the US. According to The National Archives and Records Administration the electoral college was put into the Constitution as a “compromise between election of President by a vote in Congress and election of the President by a popular vote of qualified citizens”.
To quote John Ploshnick, “the most important goal of the Electoral College was to decrease tyranny of the majority.” The founding fathers created the Electoral college with the idea of protecting the country from wrong decisions with the choice of President but also the fear of the people electing the wrong president directly and not having a force in between voting and the actual election. This is how the electoral college came to be.
It is no secret that Hillary Clinton won the popular vote in the election by 2.8 million votes yet Trump is now the president of the United States of America. How? The answer is simple: the electoral college. The Electoral College is a group of state representatives that are elected each election to cast the state’s vote. Depending on how many members a state has in the House of Representatives, which is one of the two chambers of Congress and also part of the legislative branch in the United States, the number varies with an additional two seats set aside for the senators of the state. The electors then put in the final vote for the candidate that won the majority in their state.
Hillary Clinton won popular vote as well as the vote of the state with the largest amount of electors (that being California). The state of California alone grants the candidate 55 votes if won as well as others with a significant number of votes yet she did not win the electoral college. There are many factors that go into this. Some people say it is just the American government system working against them, some say it was fair, while others just sit and watch the United States crumble. The answer that holds a significant pawn on the board is simple, faithless electors. What are they? Faithless electors are electors that decide to go against the belief of what their state says and vote for the opposing party. During this election it was found that there were 7 faithless electors this election that went against the vote of their state. Now faithless electors are not the only cause for disarray, there was also the fact that almost all states in the middle of America voted for Donald Trump and he took Florida.
Florida was a state that has a large population of hispanics according to Suburban Stats was seen as a fairly liberal state which people believed would vote for Clinton instead of Trump but when votes were tallied it was a surprise to many when it was announced that Donald Trump had taken Florida.
Although Hillary won the popular vote and Donald Trump won the electoral college vote, there is no changing what has happened in regards to the 2016 US presidential elections. Americans and the rest of the world will have to wait for his term to end and for a new president to be elected.